1704 Paterna Road
Designation Status: Structure of Merit
Assessor Parcel Number: 019-184-008
Historic Name: Avery House
The structure is a two-story home designed in the Craftsman style located within the Upper Riviera Neighborhood. The hipped roof is clad in composition shingles and extends to create prominent eaves supported by exposed, angle-cut rafter tails, adding subtle detail to the simple form. Two, red brick chimneys topped with cross iron caps rest on far ends of the rood, adding a delicate sense of symmetry and balance. A large balcony extends across the front façade and wraps around the west elevation to create a clear divide between the first and second floors. Below, square wooden beams support the balcony and serve as boundaries of the front porch. A wooden door flanked to the right by a large wood-frame window with a fixed center pane and side casements, and to the left by double French doors and another fixed window serves as the main entryway. Other fenestration includes paired double hung windows with multiple lights decorating the upper sash, fixed elongated windows with lights decorating the upper sash, and fixed center windows flanked by narrow, elongated panes.
A sandstone wall encompasses the perimeter of the property and driveway until converging with a detached two-car garage. Sandstone steps lead from the sidewalk to a brick path granting entrance to the side of the house.
Architectural Style: Craftsman
Property Type: Residence
Original Use: Residence
Historic Structures/Sites Report accepted by the Historic Landmarks Commission in 2008 found the building qualifies as a Structure of Merit. After the househad an inappropriate addition on the front elevationand fire damage, the new owner in 2008 evaluated the proposed restoration of the house and found the restoration would not impact the historic significance of the house and thus it received a California Environmental Quality Act Catagorical Exemption. The restoreation included removing the inappropriate board and batten addtion on the second floor and creating a full length balcony over the porch vs. a pergola that orignally existed.
On June 26, 2019, the Historic Landmarks Commission building qualifies to be designated a Structure of Merit under the following criteria provided by the Municipal Code, Section 22.22.040:
Criterion A. Its character, interest or value as a significant part of the heritage of the City, the State or the Nation:
The two-story Craftsman style residence was constructed circa 1914. The property is within the Lower Riviera Neighborhood, which developed during the period between circa 1900 and 1940. Modest, usually one-story houses, designed in a range of architectural styles including National Folk, Craftsman, and Period Revival characterize the neighborhood. The Craftsman style building is important to the heritage of Santa Barbara as the details that are found on the building constitute a resource valuable for its ability to exemplify methods of construction, craftsmanship, attention to detail and artistry reflective of the Craftsman style. The building illustrates social and aesthetic movements, and conveys a sense of place and time
Criterion D. Its exemplification of a particular architectural style or way of life important to the City, the State, or the Nation:
Craftsman style homes are known for their intimate scale and intricate wooden details gently layered over wood clapboards, shingles, stone, and bricks. Their porches turn back time while providing a gentle transition between the outside world and cozy spaces inside. The Craftsman houses are uniquely American creations that began to appear around 1905 in Southern California. They are a fusion of wooden Asian architectural details, the English Arts and Crafts movement, and an innovative California spirit. Mastered by the Greene brothers, whose landmark Gamble House still stands as a masterpiece of the ideals that the Craftsman style promoted, the fashion translated to all scales of home building. These houses became extraordinarily popular throughout the U.S. during the first 30 years of the 20th century. Pattern books and periodicals furthered the study of the architecture; even kits to build an entire house could be ordered and delivered to building sites.
The details of the porch posts and rails, rafter tails, and eave brackets allow significant variation. Also, brick, stone, stucco, and wood siding of many different types are used in this style, resulting in almost every example's taking on its own unique identity. Significant for the Craftsman style architecture, which was an integral component of the American Arts and Crafts movement. The Craftsman style house typifies the type of upper middle class housing being built in Santa Barbara in the early decades of the twentieth century and as an early and good example of its type, rise to the level of significance that would make it eligible as Structure of Merit.
The building exemplifies the following character defining features of the Craftsman style:
Cornice and Eave Details: Instead of intricate cornice moldings that decorated the eaves of Victorian era houses, the Craftsman house has wide exposed eaves with rafter tails adding subtle details to the simple form. The tails themselves are cut in a plain manner.
Windows: The Craftsman house demonstrates divided lights in the upper sashes. The front elevation features a large window opening holding a set of three windows; a large center window flanked by two double hung windows.
Wall Material: The house has the character-defining wood shingle siding
Local sandstone wall and steps on perimeter of property. Craftsman style homes often used local sandstone for detailing.
Criterion G. Its embodiment of elements demonstrating outstanding attention to architectural design, detail, materials and craftsmanship:
The house embodies elements that demonstrate an outstanding attention to design, detail, materials, and craftsmanship with its intricate shingled siding, expressive eaves and sashed windows.
I. Its unique location or singular physical characteristic representing an established and familiar visual feature of a neighborhood; As per the 2008 Historic Structures/Sites Report the house meets Criterion I because its physical characteristics as the only Craftsman style house on Paterna Road since 1914 represent a familiar visual feature of the Upper Riviera Neighborhood.
The 2008 Historic Structures/Sites report found that despite the alterations and fire damage, the house is well preserved. After the report, the house restored much of its integrity after the fire damaged the house. As per the Historic Structures/Sites Report all of its character defining features, including its expressive eaves, exposed rafter tails andwood shingle siding intact. The house retains enough of its integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association, to convey its original appearance. The house also contributes to the visual integrity of the Paterna Street streetscape that has maintained much of its historic integrity. The building can convey its 1914 original appearance.