1732 Chapala, 33 W. Islay St.
Designation Status: Structure of Merit
Assessor Parcel Number: 027-101-001
Historic Name: Hooper Bungalows
The seventh, and last, home in the row of Hooper Bungalows is 1732 Chapala Street ( also known as 33 West Islay Street), a one and a half story Craftsman bungalow with a moderately pitched cross-gabled roof made up of composition shingles, and exterior walls with wood clapboard siding. The exposed rafter tails curve out slightly near the ends and have a simple carved design, showing how the Craftsman style often borrowed designs from Asian architecture. The roof is also supported by large triangular knee braces, which feature a slight beveled design on the ends. A brick masonry chimney is located on the west elevation.
Underneath the peak of the gabled roof on the north elevation is a small fixed wood window with a jumping jack divided light window design. On either side of the window is a wood vent. The north elevation also features a small recessed porch where the roof is supported by wood posts on top of massive brick piers. Leading up to the front porch are concrete steps with a low brick wall on either side that connect to the bases of the wood posts. The front door is wood with six upper lights and a thick wooden trim. To the left of the front door is a small fixed wood window. To the right of the front porch is a large fixed window with a wood the same jumping jack divided light window design in the top sash that was used in the front gable window. To the left of the front porch is a wood framed, vinyl sliding window that is not original to the building.
Under the peak of the west elevation is another small fixed wood window jumping jack divided light window design that sits under lattice venting. On either side of the chimney is a wood double-hung window. Extending out from the west elevation is an enclosed sleeping porch with a shed roof that has exposed rafter tails. Wooden stairs lead up to the entrance, which matches the style of the front door. The porch has multiple fixed and double-hung wood windows.
The south elevation has multiple roof planes and two rear entrances. All three roof planes feature the exposed rafter tails that curve up at the ends, and triangular knee braces. The highest roof plane has a small fixed wood window with a wooden design in the peak of the gable. The middle plane has the same fixed window in the peak of the gable, but is flanked by two wood vents. The lowest plane has a simple shed roof. Other windows on the south elevation are a wood double-hung style. Two wooden staircases lead up to the rear entrances, one of which has the same style door as the front and porch entrance. The other is a simple pane over panel wood style.
Architectural Style: Craftsman
Property Type: Residential
Original Use: Single Family Residence
The Historic Landmarks Commission designated the building as a Structure of Merit on May 16, 2018 as it meets the following criteria provided by the Municipal Code, Section 22.22.040:
Criterion A. Its character, interest or value as a significant part of the heritage of the City, the State or the Nation:
In 1913 Asa Hooper, a physician in Santa Barbara, had six bungalows constructed on 15, 21, 23, 25, 29, and 33 West Islay (33 West Islay later became 1732 Chapala). The new bungalows were designed with the same Craftsman features as 11 West Islay, the first home built on the street by Calvert Copley. Over time the six bungalows built by Hooper, in addition to the home built by Copley, became an iconic part of Santa Barbara's streetscape known as the Hooper Bungalows.
The row of six Craftsman bungalows and two-story Craftsman house are a rare remaining example of an intact Craftsman streetscape. Because the house at 1732 Chapala is an integral part of the iconic Hooper Bungalows, it is eligible for listing as a City of Santa Barbara Structure of Merit under Criterion A.
Criterion D. Its exemplification of a particular architectural style or way of life important to the City, the State or the Nation:
The house was designed in the Craftsman style. Craftsman style homes are known for their intimate scale and intricate wooden details gently layered over wood clapboards, shingles, stone, and bricks. Their porches turn back time while providing a gentle transition between the outside world and cozy spaces inside. The Craftsman houses are uniquely American creations that began to appear around 1905 in Southern California. They are a fusion of wooden Asian architectural details, the English Arts and Crafts movement, and an innovative California spirit. Mastered by the Greene brothers, whose landmark Gamble House still stands as a masterpiece of the ideals that the Craftsman style promoted, the fashion translated to all scales of home building. These houses became extraordinarily popular throughout the U.S. during the first 30 years of the 20th century. Pattern books and periodicals furthered the study of the architecture; even kits to build an entire house could be ordered and delivered to building sites.
The unique details found in the design of the house, such as the curved rafter tails, triangular knee braces, windows with wooden designs, the wood doors with multiple upper lights, the multiple roof lines, the brick piers with wooden posts on top are just a few of the design choices that exemplify the simple intricacy of the Craftsman style. Because the bungalow at 1732 Chapala exemplifies the Craftsman style and is illustrative of the development of Santa Barbara's residential neighborhoods during the late-nineteenth century, it is eligible for listing as a City of Santa Barbara Structure of Merit under Criterion D.
Criterion G. Its embodiment of elements demonstrating outstanding attention to architectural design, detail, materials or craftsmanship:
The residence embodies the following elements that demonstrate an outstanding attention to design, detail, materials, and craftsmanship: the curved rafter tails that have decorative carvings at the ends unique to the Craftsman style, which often drew inspiration from Asian architecture, the triangular knee braces are also a detail unique to Craftsman homes; the multiple fixed wood windows which feature intricate wood inlay designs; the quintessential Craftsman wooden doors with multiple upper lights; the brick piers with wood posts supporting the front porch; the original brick masonry chimney; and the design of the rear of the house featuring multiple roof planes.
Residence is in good condition, with many character-defining original materials still present. The building's original design and wood siding are intact, as is the brick chimney, wooden windows with intricate divided light detailing, and curved rafter tails and the triangular knee braces. The building retains enough of its integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association, that it conveys its original appearance as a Craftsman style house. The house also contributes to the visual integrity of the Islay streetscape that has maintained much of its historic integrity.