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1624 Bath St

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Designation Status: Structure of Merit

Assessor Parcel Number: 027-171-026

Historic Name: Hayward & Muzzall House

Constructed: 1873-75

Property Description:

From Lower Riviera Survey (2015):
This is a symmetrical, wood frame, one- and- a-half-story house. There is an angled square bay with flattened corners, and a hipped roof at either corner of the façade. Joining these bays and projecting forward from them is a shed roofed porch, supported by posts with brackets.
Above the porch is a gable with a small sash window in it. There are brackets in the eaves of the bays, diagonal siding in the flattened corners and railing on the porch

Architect:

Architectural Style: Stick

Property Type: Residential

Original Use:

Significance:

Significance
The City of Santa Barbara establishes historic significance as provided by the Municipal Code, Section 22.22.040. Any historic building that meets one or more of the eleven criteria (Criteria A through K) established for a City Landmark or a City Structure of Merit can be considered significant. The house at 1624 Bath Street is significant as a Structure of Merit per the following criteria:

Criterion A. Its character, interest or value as a significant part of the heritage of the City, the State or the Nation;
The structure was built circa 1873-1875 when it was listed as being owned by H. Muzzail and E.J. Hayward who were two photographers with an office on State Street. It was designed in the Stick architectural style, named for its “stickwork” or grid of boards infilled with various wood siding treatments, the Stick style played an important role in Victorian architecture. In Santa Barbara and across the United States, the Stick style transitioned Victorian architecture from the earlier styles of Italianate and Gothic Revival, to the later Queen Anne Revival. Stylistically, Stick architecture bridges the Gothic Revival to the later Queen Anne and all three styles reference Medieval English building traditions. One core difference however, is that while Gothic Revival houses emphasized windows, doors and cornices set against the backdrop of the plain wall, the Stick style began to treat the wall itself as decoration. This resulted in subdivided panels that were then filled with a variety of shingles or siding, giving the Stick style much of its character. In California, and especially in San Francisco, the style was very popular into the 1880’s. This was due to the abundance of lumber and California’s large building boom.

Criterion D, its exemplification of a particular architectural style or way of life important to the City, the State, or the Nation;
The façade of the house at 1624 Bath Street has not been altered since its original construction and retains its original elongated windows, pane over panel front door, wide overhanging eaves and two, bay windows flanking the front porch creating a unique symmetry to the building. The building exemplifies character defining features of the Stick Style. The overhanging eaves adorned with brackets that play a regular role in Stick architecture used as supports for gable ends. The stepped wall conditions help to define the geometry of Stick architecture. The prominent, single story front porches of the Stick style with a single pane over wood panel doors with a transom above the opening were common in Stick architecture. The elongated, rectangular, wood, double-hung, one-over-one windows with simple casings are typical of Santa Barbara Stick style houses. The diagonal clapboards of the stick work is key to understanding the language of Stick architecture. Infill of horizontal, vertical, and diagonal siding helps to express the wall as decoration.

The Stick style house also contributes to the visual integrity of the surrounding neighborhood, which is primarily residential in character, encompassing a range of architectural styles including Italianate, Folk Victorian, Queen Anne, Queen Anne Free Classic, Craftsman, Mediterranean and post World War II multi-residential buildings. The Stick style is one of the architectural styles that typify the surrounding neighborhood. Because the house 1624 Bath Street is an exemplary example of its architectural style, and is illustrative of the development of Santa Barbara’s residential neighborhoods during the late nineteenth century, it is eligible for listing as a City of Santa Barbara Structure of Merit under criterion D.

Criterion E, Its exemplification as the best remaining architectural type in its neighborhood;
As noted above under Criterion D, the house is part of a primarily residential neighborhood built out in a range of late nineteenth through mid-twentieth century architectural styles. However, because the Stick style is one of Santa Barbara’s oldest styles and few examples remain throughout the city, 1625 Bath Street is an intact, rare and exceptional example of the Stick style in the neighborhood and the building qualifies for criterion E.

Criterion G, its embodiment of elements demonstrating outstanding attention to architectural design, detail, materials and craftsmanship;
The diagonal clapboards on the two bay windows are an outstanding use of stick style design. In addition, the house embodies the following elements that demonstrate an outstanding attention to design, detail, materials and craftsmanship: the diagonal clapboards on the two bays, elongated wood, double hung windows, the pane over panel wood, front door; and the decorative brackets under the eaves and on the porch columns, the thin bracketed columns. Because the house demonstrates these outstanding elements it qualifies as a Structure of Merit under Criterion G.

Criterion I, its unique location or singular physical characteristics representing an established and familiar visual feature of a neighborhood;
The house at 1624 Bath Street, along with other houses of the block, is part of a streetscape that has preserved a number of its late nineteenth and early twentieth century buildings. Therefore, the house, which has formed an established and familiar visual element of the surrounding streetscape since c. 1873-75, is eligible for listing under criterion I.


Historic Integrity
One of the only alterations to the house, since its construction, was the rear addition. It does not impact the historic integrity of the house as it is not visible from the public right of way. The house is in good condition, with almost all of the original materials still present. In addition, the surrounding area has also maintained much of its historic integrity. The house retains its integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling and association that allow it to convey its original appearance.

Recommendation
Staff Recommends that the Historic Landmarks Commission adopt a resolution to designated 1624 Bath Street as a Structure of Merit.

Attachments:
1. (Draft) Resolution to designate
2. Mills Act Ten Year Plan

From Lower Riviera Survey (2015):
This house was constructed sometime between 1872 and 1875 when it is listed in the City Directory as being owned by H. Muzzall and E.J. Hayward. These two were photographers with an office on State Street. By the 1880-81 tax assessment, the improvements were assessed at $350 which included fifteen tons of barley. In the 1888 City Directory, Hayward is listed as a capitalist. In the 20th century, the house passed through a number of owners; Morgan M. Goodman being the one with the longest residence.
Architecturally, this is a fine example of early Queen Anne design. The walls are divided into well-marked panels, some of which are set off by diagonal siding. The detailing on the porch and the eaves is much thinner and more delicate than the contemporaneous Italianate. It is well maintained and the façade is unaltered. This building is a designated Structure of Merit.

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