412 414 W Montecito St
Designation Status: Designated City Landmark
Assessor Parcel Number: 037-231-030
Historic Name: Trussell-Winchester Adobe; Judge Fernald Residence
Constructed: 1854; '62, '80, 1962
Trussell-Winchester Adobe: This Eastern Colonial style one story house, the central portion of whch is of adobe construction, is sheathed in plaster, board and batten, clapboard, and board-to-board. The two-sash windows have 6 over 6 panes. There are vertical fixed windows on the front sunporch. The house has a wood shingle roof. The adobe is painted white with green trim and shutters.
Fernald House: This two-story house is a combination of Gothic Revival, Italianate, and Eastlake styles. It is sheathed in board-to-board and plaster. The wood shingle roof has high crossgables. Two bays protrude from the front of the house. In the gables above the bays there are large ornate barge-boards, and finials atop the gables. Windows are two-sash.
Architect: Fern: Thomas Nixon, Peter Barber
Property Type: Single Family Residence
Original Use: SFR
Designated City of Santa Barbara Landmark (07/13/1982).
Fernald Residence: Charles Fernald was appointed sheriff in Santa Barbara to restore order in the growing lawlessness that took place during the gold rush. Eventually, Fernald became mayor of Santa Barbara. The residence was built in Victorian era style (with elements of Gothic Revival, Italianate, and Eastlake styles), and remained in the Fernald family for nearly 100 years. In 1958, the house passed to the Santa Barbara Historical Society.
Trussell Winchester Adobe: The Trussell-Winchester Adobe house was built by lifelong accomplished sailor, Caption Horatio Gates Trussell. Much of the home is constructed using salvage from a shipwrecked boat, the "Winfield Scott."
Significant as a City Landmark as per City Council findings (Resolution No. 1-82) by the following criteria:
A. Its character, interest or value as a significant part of the heritage of the City, the State or the Nation. Because the Trussell-Winchester Adobe is an authentic adobe building with fine craftsmanship from a veteran ship captain in the 1850s, the Trussell-Winchester Adobe is significant to the heritage of the City. Because the Fernand Residence is exemplary of significant Victorian styles, because an addition was designed by Peter Barber, and because the building is associated with significant figures such as Judge Fernald and British royalty, the building is significant to the heritage of the City.
C. Its identification with a person or persons (Trussell: Capt. Trussell; Fernald: Judge Fernald, Peter Barber) who significantly contributed to the culture and development of the City, the State, or the Nation;
D. Its exemplification of a particular architectural style (Adobe, Eastern Colonial, Gothic Revival, Italianate, Eastlake) or way of life important to the City, the State, or the Nation;
E. Its exemplification of the best remaining architectural type in a neighborhood;
F. Its identification as the creation, design, or work of a person or persons (Peter Barber) whose effort significantly influenced the heritage of the City, the State, or the Nation;
G. Its embodiment of elements demonstrating outstanding attention to architectural design, detail, materials and craftsmanship via (Trussell) salvaged materials from a shipwrecked boat, and via (Fernald) defining characteristics from several period styles such as finials and handcrafted wood ornamentation and interior décor;
I. Its unique location or singular characteristic representing an established and familiar visual feature of a neighborhood.