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421 W De La Guerra St

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Designation Status: Structure of Merit

Assessor Parcel Number: 037-071-002

Historic Name:

Constructed: c. 1908

Property Description:

The single story dwelling rests on a pier foundation with a rectangular footprint. The hipped roof with hipped dormer on the north facade is covered with composition shingles and the eaves are boxed. The walls are clad with simple drop wood boards above the window sills and lapped wood boards below. A single wood column atop a wood clad balustrade supports the front porch recessed under the principle roof. A shed roof addition is located on the east and south facades.Two cutaway bay windows are located on the east facade. Fenestration includes transomed windows on the street facing north facade with elongated diamond shaped lights over a one light sash, 1/1 wood sash windows, two fixed windows in the dormer, and a wood panel door with alluvial light in the upper panel. A driveway is located to the west of the dwelling that leads to the rear of the parcel. The secondary dwelling at the rear of the parcel is not visible from the street.

Architect:

Architectural Style: Queen Anne Free Classic

Property Type: Residential

Original Use: SFR

Significance:

Significance: On June 26, 2019, the Historic Landmarks Commission designated the building a Structure of Merit under the following criteria provided by the Municipal Code, Section 22.22.040. The structure(s) and landscaping was found to qualify as a historic resource in the West Downtown Historical Survey accepted by the Historic Landmarks Commission on 5/22/13. A permit was issued on April 18, 1916 to owner/builder Byron C. Flint to construct a second dwelling at the rear of the parcel. Improvements were valued at $300.
Criterion D. Its exemplification of a particular architectural style or way of life important to the City, the State, or the Nation:
The Queen Anne Free Classic shares certain characteristics with its relative the Queen Anne style, while still containing many distinct and important features that place it in a class all of its own. It became a dominant style in Santa Barbara at the turn of the century, when much of the city was being developed. As part of the Victorian period, Queen Anne Free Classic was popular from the late 1800’s to the early 1900’s, with its peak from 1900 to 1910. In 1900, the highly decorative Queen Anne was steadily declining in popularity, while the Free Classic became the only Victorian style to grow in popularity. In Santa Barbara, it tended to come stylistically close to the early stages of American Colonial Revival, while still retaining Queen Anne characteristics such as asymmetrical plans, variously shaped shingles, and decorative bracket details. Although sometimes difficult to distinguish from American Colonial Revival because of similarities in moldings, siding, columns, etc., Queen Anne Free Classic is a distinct and important part of Santa Barbara’s history and streetscape character. The Queen Anne Free Classic was popular during a period of great growth in Santa Barbara and examples can be found throughout the historic neighborhoods surrounding downtown, including the Brinkerhoff Avenue Landmark District and potential Lower De La Vina Historic District.
Criterion G. Its embodiment of elements demonstrating outstanding attention to architectural design, detail, materials and craftsmanship
The building embodies elements the following features that demonstrate an outstanding attention to design, detail, materials, and craftsmanship:
Gable, Cornice and Eave Details: Wide overhanging eaves with less ornament than those of a Queen Anne. The lines on the gable ends and along the cornices are very elegant and streamlined rather than the intricate spindle work or gingerbread featured in the Queen Anne.
Porch Columns: The house features Tuscan columns. The strongest defining features of the Queen Anne Free Classic are the porch posts. Rather than the turned spindles of the Queen Anne, the Free Classic has classical columns for porch supports. Across the country, these columns often ranged from simpler Tuscan columns, to high-styled Corinthian which featured leaves at the capital. Santa Barbara favored the simpler Tuscan style, but there are examples of a variety of styles throughout the city. Columns are sometimes full height and sometimes only partial height, sitting on a low wall or pedestal the height of the porch railing. Columns can be individually spaced, but are often paired, especially when there is a large, open span in the porch. Railings and other details are usually simple, and often lack the complex and delicate detailing of the Queen Anne houses.
Windows: The house features intricate, diamond shaped, multi-light, upper sashes with ogee lugs over a single pane lower sash wood windows typical of the Queen Anne Free Classic style.
Dormers: Dormers echo the simple lines of the open front gables and would have decorative shingles and a window.
Wall Materials: This house has the typical narrow wood weatherboards that are a signature of the Queen Anne Free Classic walls.
Historic Integrity: The building retains most of its original features and most of the surrounding neighborhood is intact so that it has high historic integrity of location, feeling, setting, design, materials, workmanship and association. The building can convey its 1908 original appearance. In addition the streetscape retains integrity with other Queen Anne Free Classic buildings from the early 1900s.

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