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1746 Prospect Ave

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Designation Status: Structure of Merit

Assessor Parcel Number: 027-141-027

Historic Name:

Constructed: 1889-1907

Property Description:

Note: The house sits on the rear of the lot behind the 1939 house. The house is a two-story, Folk Victorian style house located to the rear of the parcel. The house stands with a side gable form and a front porch attached to the long side. A large front gable dormer rests in the center of the roof. Two brick chimneys extend above the ridgeline at either ends of the roof creating a sense of symmetry and balance. Boxed eaves create a simple cornice line along the edge of the roof. The front façade of the gable dormer features four evenly spaced two-over-two, double hung windows in a simple profile wood sill, while the side facades feature two double-hung wood sill windows with decorative divided lights in the upper sash. Shingles clad the gable dormer while wood drop lap siding clads the remaining body of the house. A large window decorated with an intricate pattern of mullions appears on the front façade. Square posts, carved wooden brackets and decorative trim support the porch roof.

Architect: Unknown

Architectural Style: Folk Victorian

Property Type: Single Family Residence

Original Use: Single Family Residence

Significance:

On June 26, 2019, the Historic Landmarks Commission building qualifies to be designated a Structure of Merit under the following criteria provided by the Municipal Code, Section 22.22.040:
Note: The parcel lot has historically been recognized as 1746 Prospect Avenue. In 1939, an additional structure was built on the lot, in front of the structure historically and currently designated as 1746 Prospect. The new structure is recognized and designated as 1744 Prospect Avenue.

Criterion A. Its character, interest or value as a significant part of the heritage of the City, the State or the Nation:
Although known for much of the intricate detailing of the Queen Anne style, the Victorian Era was also home to simpler styles such as the Folk Victorian. With the combination of bold massing forms and detailed porch work, the Folk Victorian embodies a transitional style that hints at the simpler styles to come, while staying connected to the current styles of the day. The Folk Victorian style building at 1746 Prospect Avenue is important to the heritage of Santa Barbara as the details that are found on the building constitute a resource valuable for its ability to exemplify methods of construction, craftsmanship, attention to detail and artistry reflective of the Victorian style. The building illustrates social and aesthetic movements, and conveys a sense of place and time.
Criterion D. Its exemplification of a particular architectural style or way of life important to the City, the State, or the Nation
As American Colonial Revival and Spanish Colonial Revival styles looked to the past for inspiration, so too the Folk Victorian looked to its roots, which were the simple, National Folk structures, to base its forms. These forms were then built upon with moldings and pre-cut details available from more current Victorian styles. Sometimes, older folk houses were simply updated with newer elements, including whole porches. Often called “Symmetrical Victorians”, the Folk Victorian style survived into the early part of the 20th century and helped set the stage for the Craftsman and American Colonial Revival. Like the other Victorian styles, Folk Victorian was made possible by the Industrial Revolution in the form of the railroad and the transportation of woodworking machines across the country. Folk Victorian came about in the final stages of the Victorian styles. It was one of the final expressions of a long and lasting era. The building exemplifies the Folk Victorian style which shaped the architecture of Santa Barbara homes away from intricate detailing of the Queen Anne to a more simplistic transitional style that emphasized structure and symmetry.
The building has the following character-defining features of the Folk Victorian style:
• Side-gable one story house, with porch attached to the long side with shingles siding. Side-gabled examples of the Folk Victorian house often had front-facing center gables added as seen in this house.
• Porch Columns: The porch features square posts with delicate gingerbread and spandrels which are small balusters spanning between the upper portions of the porch posts.
• Elongated double-hung, one-over-one and two-over-two wood windows as well as a decorative sash over divided lower sash in the front window. The wood window surrounds are typically simple 4”- 5” wide trim with a simple profile wood sill.

Criterion G. Its embodiment of elements demonstrating outstanding attention to architectural design, detail, materials and craftsmanship
The building embodies elements that demonstrate an outstanding attention to design, detail, materials, and craftsmanship characteristic of the Folk Victorian style such as the simple cornice created by the gently boxed eaves, the squared porch posts and carved brackets functioning as a supportive and decorative element, the centered dormer gable resting atop the porch roof to balance the visual aesthetic between the two, and the careful placement and coordination of windows within the dormer flanked by twin chimneys creating a sense of balance and symmetry throughout the house.
Historic Integrity: The house has retained the majority of its original construction materials, including its framing, most of its fenestration, doors and siding. Its original plan has not been significantly obscured by later additions. Therefore, the house has retained its integrity of design. The new construction of the house as 1744 Prospect directly in front of this house obscures the front façade of the house and diminishes the house’s original setting, feeling and association. The building retains most of its original features and so that it has high historic integrity of location, design, materials, and workmanship. Despite the house in obscuring the original house, the house still can convey its original c. 1889-1907 appearance.
Research from 2008 Survey: City Directory:
1912: Mrs. Thomas Long
1913: Edwin R. Snyder, Ph.D., Superintendent, Santa Barbara City Schools
1914-20: Mrs. Alice Peterson, widow
1921: C. L. & Margaret Phelps, president of Normal School
1922-40: E. H. & Rebecca Thompson, insurance
1941: Thomas McCoy
1942: Clyde Keener
1943-47: C. H. & June Tompson (C. H., draftsman)
1948-95: Delores Nunez, clerk
1996: Harold & Dorrie Powell
1997-2006: Michael McCaskey

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Documents:

Download Department of Parks and Recreation Form